Insulin is a significant hormone that helps in the breakdown of sugar cells in the body. Diabetics is a chronic disease that stops the production of insulin in the pancreas due to which the sugar level rises above normal causing complications and resulting in dangerous and fatal diseases like blindness, heart problems, kidney dysfunctioning, and many other.
A person who gets into trap of diabetes is known to be forbidden to eat sweet dishes, candies, fatty and carbohydrate-rich diet etc. Such a person cannot even eat some fruits like watermelon, pineapples etc. It is estimated that diabetes is the seventh foremost cause of death among people. The chances of having diabetes increases as the age of the person increase. It is quite difficult to eliminate diabetes but there are high chances that the risk can be minimized through proper diabetics diet, adopting a moderate lifestyle and mediation. Diabetes is a disease which cannot be take lightly – the fluctuations in sugar glucose level and an above average glucose level can give rise to many complications. However, there are three types of diabetes which differ from each other.
Some Renowned Types of Diabetes
Following are some types of the diabetes.
1. Type 1 diabetes (IDDM):
This type of diabetes is also known as insulin dependent diabetes (IDDM) or juvenile diabetes as the pancreases stop their function or functions at a very slow rate. The people having this type of diabetes always have a high glucose level since the body is unable to absorb the excessive sugar and thus, they are likely to cause many complications. To keep their sugar level on normal, they have to externally take insulin through injections which helps them to regulate their metabolism. According to estimation, 10-15% of people have this type of diabetes. People having this type of diabetes should do plenty of exercise and should follow a proper diet plan and should inject insulin in order to avoid complications.
2. Type 2 diabetes ( NIDDM):
It is also known as non insulin dependent diabetes mellitus or adult onset diabetes. This type of diabetes is the most common in which the pancreas does not produce enough insulin or even if they do, the beta cells disregard them.
3. Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM):
It is also known as carbohydrate intolerance. Usually, this type of diabetes is diagnosed through GTT (Glucose Tolerance Test) during pregnancy. It is mostly temporary and occurs because of excess glucose stored in the body. However, it should be controlled otherwise it can store fat in the baby’s body. Women who have this type of diabetes should take safety precautions like following a proper diet plan, doing physical activity.